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四种自由

发布时间:20-06-19

1941年1月6日,罗斯福总统在致第77届◈美国国会的国情咨文中提出,未来┏的世界必须建立在四种自由的基卐础上。

Ъ

1.言论自由⊿。

2.宗教信仰╥自由。

3.免于匮乏๑的自由。

4.免于恐惧的自由。

我相信,≤这是任何正常的人类社会存在的基础。一个国家的公民没有这四种自由,这个国家就不算一个好▦▩国家。

只把人权理解为≧生存权是不够的,生而为人就必须有这四种自由。否则,生存也是低质量和没有保障的。

这四种自由应该是社会发展的目标。

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Fran❤klin Roosevelt, State of the Union Addre☏ss, 1941:

In the future days which w⿴e seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.

The first is freedom of speech ☼and expression --everywhere in the world. The second is freedom of every person to worship God〾 in his own way --〦 everywhere in thↆe world. The thir〢d is freedom from want, whi$ch, translated into world terms, Цm¤eans economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its in︼︽︾habitants№--everywhere in t∞he world. The fourth★ is freedom from fear, which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction аof armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to cΥommit an act of♣ physical aggression agaзinst any neighbor└ -- anywhere in the world.

That is no vision ╞of a distant m≈illennium. It is a definite basis for a kind of wor"ld attainable in our own time and generation. That kind of world is the very antithesis of the so-called "new order" of tyranny which the dictators seek to create with the crash of︶︷︸ a bomb. To that new order we opp↹ose the greater conception --the moral order. A good society is able to face schemes of world domination and foreign revolu⿶tions alike without fear. Since the beginning of our American history we have been engaged in change, in a peↅrpetua┘l, peaceful revoⅤlution, aじ revolution which∪ goes on 〇steadily, quietly, adjusting i▐tself to changing conditions without the concentration camp or the quicklime々 ┚in the ditch. The ▫world order which we seek is the cooperation of free countrδies, 〓working togeth♯♮er in a friendly, civilized society.

(完)

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